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Accueil du site > Séminaires > Séminaires 2014 > Melting transition of hard disks : New algorithms, new insights

Mardi 25 mars 2014-14:00

Melting transition of hard disks : New algorithms, new insights

Werner Krauth (LPS, ENS, Paris)

par Gabriel LeMarié - 25 mars 2014

The hard-disk model has exerted outstanding influence on computational physics and statistical mechanics. Decades ago, hard disks were the first system to be studied by Markov-chain Monte Carlo methods and by molecular dynamics. It was in hard disks, through numerical simulations, that a two-dimensional melting transition was first seen to occur even though such systems cannot develop long-range crystalline order. Analysis of the system was made difficult by the absence of adequate simulation methods. In recent years, we have developed a number of powerful Monte Carlo algorithms for hard disks and related systems. I will in particular show how the powerful event-chain Monte Carlo algorithm has allowed us to show that hard disks melt with a first-order transition from the liquid to the hexatic and a continuous transition from the hexatic to the solid. I will finish with discussions on the general theory of two-dimensional melting and on the generalizations of the event-chain algorithm.

Post-scriptum :

contact : C. Sire