Sur ce site

Sur le Web du CNRS

Accueil du site > Séminaires > Séminaires 2013 > Conduction properties of cold Fermi gases

Mardi 28 mai 2013-14:00

Conduction properties of cold Fermi gases

Jean-Philippe Brantut (Institute for Quantum Electronics, ETH Zurich)

par Gabriel LeMarié - 28 mai 2013

We experimentally study the transport process of ultracold fermionic atoms through a mesoscopic, quasi two-dimensional channel connecting macroscopic reservoirs. By observing the current response to a bias applied between the reservoirs, we directly access the resistance of the channel in a manner analogous to a solid state conduction measurement. The resistance is further controlled by a gate potential reducing the atomic density in the channel, like in a field effect transistor. In this setup, we study the flow of a strongly interacting Fermi gas, and observe a striking drop of resistance with increasing density in the channel, as expected at the onset of superfluidity. The resistance is compared to that of an ideal Fermi gas in the same geometry, which shows an order of magnitude larger resistance, originating from the contact resistance between the channel and the reservoirs. We extended this investigation to disordered superfluids and provide evidences for a disorder-induced breakdown of superfluidity.

Post-scriptum :

contact : Gabriel Lemarié