Partenaires

CNRS
UPS



Rechercher

Sur ce site

Sur le Web du CNRS


Accueil du site > Publications > Publications 2009 > Comparison of tertiary treatment by nanofiltration and reverse osmosis for water reuse in denim textile industry

Comparison of tertiary treatment by nanofiltration and reverse osmosis for water reuse in denim textile industry

N. Ben Amar, N. Kechaou, J. Palmeri, and A. Deratani

The wastewaters resulting from different baths of a dyeing factory specialized in denim fabric are collected and treated by an activated sludge plant. This study investigated the coupling of activated sludge treatment with either nanofiltration (NF) or reverse osmosis (RO) to recycle water and reuse it in the process. We first conducted NF experiments with a HL membrane in different configurations : dead end and cross-flow for flat sheets and also in spiral wound form. Results on water permeation and salt rejection show that performances are configuration dependent. Then, for the study of the NF/RO textile wastewater treatment, experiments were conducted with spiral wound membranes in order to be closest to the industrial configuration. After analyzing the removal efficiencies of suspended solids and chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the treatment plant, we conducted NF experiments using an HL2514TF spiral wound membrane preceded by ultrafiltration (UF) treatment. We used as well an RO membrane (AG2514TF) to compare performances in water yield and quality for the same pumping costs. The results show that NF allows higher yield, while respecting the Tunisian standard of water reuse (COD < 90 mg/L . Above 9 bar, the TDS rejection reaches 60% and the hardness is lower than the factory constraint (100 mg/L CaCO3), allowing the reuse of the water in the process.