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Accueil du site > Publications > Publications 2007 > Dynamical transition for a particle in a squared Gaussian potential

Dynamical transition for a particle in a squared Gaussian potential

C. Touya and D.S. Dean

par David Dean - 17 octobre 2006

We study the problem of a Brownian particle diffusing in finite dimensions in a potential given by \psi= \phi^2/2 where \phi is Gaussian random field. Exact results for the diffusion constant in the high temperature phase are given in one and two dimensions and it is shown to vanish in a power-law fashion at the dynamical transition temperature. Our results are confronted with numerical simulations where the Gaussian field is constructed, in a standard way, as a sum over random Fourier modes. We show that when the number of Fourier modes is finite the low temperature diffusion constant becomes non-zero and has an Arrhenius form. Thus we have a simple model with a fully understood finite size scaling theory for the dynamical transition. In addition we analyse the nature of the anomalous diffusion in the low temperature regime and show that the anomalous exponent agrees with that predicted by a trap model. <\math>