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Accueil du site > Publications > Publications 2010 > Critical Correlations for Short-Range Valence-Bond Wavefunctions on the Square Lattice

Critical Correlations for Short-Range Valence-Bond Wavefunctions on the Square Lattice

A. Fabricio Albuquerque, Fabien Alet

par Webmaster - 8 septembre 2010

We investigate the arguably simplest SU(2)-invariant wavefunctions capable of accounting for spin-liquid behavior, expressed in terms of nearest-neighbor valence-bond states on the square lattice and characterized by different topological invariants. While such wave-functions are known to exhibit short-range spin correlations, we perform Monte Carlo simulations and show that four-point correlations decay algebraically with an exponent 1.16(4). This is reminiscent of the \it classical dimer problem, albeit with a slower decay. Furthermore, these correlators are found to be spatially modulated according to a wave-vector related to the topological invariants. We conclude that a recently proposed spin Hamiltonian that stabilizes the here considered wave-function(s) as its (degenerate) ground-state(s) should exhibit gapped spin and gapless non-magnetic excitations.

Phys. Rev. B 82, 180408(R) (2010), arXiv:1009.1307